Negotiations without hope to end the question of decolonization in Western Sahara

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Source : EuroMedRights.org

Why without hope?

From the beginning, the end of hostilities in Western Sahara was not conducted by a peace agreement to end the question of decolonization but just to avoid escalation threatens the stability of the Moroccan regime and the Maghreb region view the geographical proximity of Europe. These reasons enhanced by the “Franco-American consensus”[1] within the Security Council to stop any resolution against Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara. That means the settlement agreement is just a tool in order to consume de facto the Moroccan sovereignty without any real interest in the internationallaw of decolonization in Western Sahara.

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Western Sahara : From a question of decolonization to a question of negotiation

pOLISARIO ANUNCIA la disolución de la Yemaa en carta a Waldheim
Source : ABC en El AAIUN – 21 décembre 1975

In 1955 Spain signed the UN charter, this obliges it to respect literally the provisions set out in the UN Charter, mainly the provisions that put an end to the decolonization of territories that are under the colonial yoke like that of Western Sahara.

The UN General Assembly declaration of 1960, known as resolution 1514, stated that all people have a right to self-determination and proclaimed that colonialism should be brought to a rapid and unconditional end. In the same frame, the UN General Assembly established in 1962 the decolonization committee of 24 to monitor and advice on the implementation of the Declaration on decolonization. Poursuivre la lecture de « Western Sahara : From a question of decolonization to a question of negotiation »

Self-determination, the only democratic choice to resolve the question of Western Sahara

Europe_Mediterranean_Catalan_Atlas
L’Atlas catalan est une mappemonde du XIVème siècle, traditionnellement attribuée à Abraham Cresques. Aujourd’hui conservé à la Bibliothèque nationale de France (cote MSS. ESP. 30).

Since 1960[1][2], the principle of self-determination is going to encourage the territory under colonization or similar non-independent territory to determine the future of this territory regarding the wishes of its inhabitants.In Article 1(2) of UN Charter, the nature and the function of this customary principle are determined by the following terms, “to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace”[3]. With the same idea, the Declarationon the Granting of Independenceto Colonial Territories and Peoples characterised the principleof self-determination in para.2, “all peoples have a right to self-determination, by virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development”.

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Libye post Kadhafi : de la dictature à la guerre civile

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Source : Pixabay.com – Aymen Juha

Depuis la chute du régime de Mouammar Kadhafi en 2011, la Libye est entrée dans une nouvelle ère d’incertitude et de défaillance. Une guerre civile déchire ce pays depuis sept ans maintenant, et menace la pérennité de l’existence de la Libye en tant qu’État souverain. Cette situation alarmante et préoccupante met en danger la stabilité et la sécurité internationale, non seulement au Maghreb, mais aussi en Méditerranée et en Afrique subsaharienne.

Nous pouvons déceler des facteurs exogènes et des facteurs endogènes au conflit en Libye. Mais à notre sens, il nous semble que ce sont surtout ces raisons internes, inhérentes à la société libyenne qui représente son plus important fléau, c’est à dire, la problématique tribale. Car c’est à travers la tribu que le mal guet la Libye actuelle.

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